 © duniabioteknologi™ 2011  Dunia Bioteknologi: [GENERAL BIOTECH] Knows Your DNA, Its REALLY Interesting!
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Monday, July 18, 2011

[GENERAL BIOTECH] Knows Your DNA, Its REALLY Interesting!

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA — is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms (with the exception of RNA viruses). The main role of DNA molecules is the long-term storage of information. DNA is often compared to a set of blueprints, like a recipe or a code, since it contains the instructions needed to construct other components of cells, such as proteins and RNA molecules. The DNA segments that carry this genetic information are called genes, but other DNA sequences have structural purposes, or are involved in regulating the use of this genetic information. Along with RNA and proteins, DNA is one of the three major macromolecules that are essential for all known forms of life.  
(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA)

Picture: Moving DNA structure (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ADN_animation.gif)

Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great feats of exploration in history - an inward voyage of discovery rather than an outward exploration of the planet or the cosmos; an international research effort to sequence and map all of the genes - together known as the genome - of members of our species, Homo sapiens. Completed in April 2003, the HGP gave us the ability to, for the first time, to read nature's complete genetic blueprint for building a human being.  
(Source: http://www.genome.gov/10001772)

Completed in 2003, the Human Genome Project (HGP) was a 13-year project coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. During the early years of the HGP, the Wellcome Trust (U.K.) became a major partner; additional contributions came from Japan, France, Germany, China, and others. See our history page for more information.
Project goals were to
  • identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA,
  • determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA,
  • store this information in databases,
  • improve tools for data analysis,
  • transfer related technologies to the private sector, and
  • address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.
Though the HGP is finished, analyses of the data will continue for many years. Follow this ongoing research on our Milestones page. An important feature of the HGP project was the federal government's long-standing dedication to the transfer of technology to the private sector. By licensing technologies to private companies and awarding grants for innovative research, the project catalyzed the multibillion-dollar U.S. biotechnology industry and fostered the development of new medical applications.  
(Source: http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/home.shtml)

Watch video below to understand more... it would be very interesting to know about yourself!



And this video is about the Human Genome Project too.. enjoy it :-)


Video: Human Genome Project (Copyright to HHMI)


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